The article contains an analysis of the previous and current state of Uzbekistan's hydropower, which has a history of almost 100 years, the country's hydropower potential, existing problems and their rational solutions, construction of new hydroelectric power stations, modernization of old hydroelectric power stations, investments in the field, practical cooperation with leading foreign energy companies. , current and promising projects are highlighted.Download the article
In this review article we will talk about modern trends in nuclear energy, define what Small Nuclear Power Plants are and prospects for the development of nuclear energy in the Central Asian countries.Throughout the 20th century, public attitudes toward nuclear energy have been complex and evolving, fluctuating between periods of rosy optimism and well-founded skepticism. There was the Atoms for Peace initiative in the 1950s, followed by the powerful anti-nuclear movement of the 70s and 80s, shaped by the turning points at Three Mile Island (USA) and Chernobyl (Ukraine). With the looming threat of climate change, fears eased and nuclear capabilities expanded in the early 2000s - often called a nuclear renaissance - before turning sour again in 2011 following the Fukushima nuclear power plant disaster in Japan.
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Central Asia is gradually becoming part of the global process of transition to a new technological structure, which Klaus Schwab called the “Fourth Industrial Revolution” (FIR). This process is most active in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan, which are the locomotives of the region’s economic growth and are investing heavily in digitalization and creating an ecosystem of startups and venture capital, gradually turning into exporters of digital services.
Meanwhile, when they talk about the digitalization of Central Asia, they most often consider its economic and technological aspects, while the value and closely related ethical aspects remain insufficiently developed at the academic level. However, as studies by Max Weber, Joseph Schumpeter and Douglas North have shown, ideological, value and institutional paradigms directly influence the nature of economic and technological development. Moreover, the technologies themselves then influence the consolidation of a new value system and the transformation of previous value systems. For Central Asia, this is more relevant than ever, given that the region today faces competition between value systems.View article here
“Great Power Competition” is an expression which for the past few decades had fallen out of wide use. Talk of “Great Powers” was reminiscent of 19th-century contests over territory and resources but not something suitable for the 21st-century conditions of technologically advanced societies and international law. In today’s anxious circumstances, it is necessary to look at the current state of international affairs as it is, not merely as we wish it to be. Strategic competition among contemporary states, large and small, has returned to the fore. This is not only because of changes in atmosphere or because of any specific single but because of a change in the underlying correlation for forces on a global level. This essay analyzes American foreign policy in terms of the turning point in events in Europe and suggests what can be expected from American foreign policy in the period ahead. The paper focuses on what European refer to as today’s Zeitenwende—“turning point”—in international affairs.Download article
Afghanistan’s market and its position as a trade route that can connect Central Asia to South Asian ports are critically important to Kazakhstan.As the global community experiences a turbulent and unpredictable period, Kazakhstan, alongside other countries, faces a range of challenges and risks. A timely reorientation and adjustment of both its external and internal policies may enable the country to effectively cope with these challenges and even extract benefits from them.Read the full article
The publication explores various periods of the policy of the Unites States towards Central Asia since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 through gradual conceptualization of its strategy named “Greater Central Asia” by American expertcommunity and ways and means of its implementation by the US administrations ever since. Based on his personal participation in some events in his foreign service career, as well as meetings with American officials and experts, releases and documents of US public agencies and media, the author analyses origins and causes of transformation of the “Greater Central Asia” strategy and its likely way ahead. The research does not intend to embrace the subject as a whole and is focusing mostly on role and place of his home country Uzbekistan in this process.Download article